DECLARATION TOWARD A GLOBAL ETHIC
The Declaration Toward a Global Ethic was drafted by Hans Küng and, after consultation with scholars and representatives of various religions, approved at the Parliament of the World’s Religions in Chicago in 1993 and 2018.
The core elements of the Declaration Toward a Global Ethic are two principles and five directives:
- Golden Rule
- Equal rights and partnership
- Ecological responsibility
The whole story
The first Parliament of the World’s Religions took place in Chicago as part of the World Columbian Exposition. This was the first time that leaders of different religions came together to engage in dialogue and exchange. This parliament is recognized as the beginning of the worldwide interreligious movement.
A second Parliament of the World’s Religions took place again in Chicago one hundred years later to commemorate the initial event. Inspired by the Global Ethic Project, officials organizing the parliament approached Hans Küng with the request to put together a document containing the ethical consensus outlined in his project. After consultation with scholars and representatives from diverse religions, Küng’s draft of the Declaration Toward a Global Ethic was presented to the Parliament of the World’s Religions in Chicago and ratified on 4 September 1993.
Approximately 6,000 people from diverse religions discussed the document and the Global Ethic idea presented in it. It was ultimately signed by more than 200 chosen religious representatives, most notably by the 14th Dalai Lama.
By adopting the Declaration Toward a Global Ethic, leaders from all world religions agreed for the first time upon core elements of a common ethic: humane treatment of all human beings and the “Golden Rule”, non-violence, peace and justice, truthfulness and equal rights and partnership.
An eighth Parliament of the World´s Religions took place in Toronto in November 2018. It was attended by approximately 8600 participants from all over the world.
In view of the current controversial political discussions - especially in the USA - about climate change and its effects, it was decided to add a fifth directive on ecological issues to the Declaration.
This fifth directive was formulated with the involvement of many religious representatives and scientists, but also in consultation with the Global Ethic Foundation, and was adopted by the Board of the Parliament of the World's Religions. The text was officially presented at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Toronto in November 2018.
Declaration Toward a Global Ethic 2018:
Declaration Toward a Global Ethic 1993:
Bahasa Malaysia [PDF]
Chinese (Malaysia) [PDF]